Tables of History : A.D. 1700 - 1799

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1-99 | 100-199 | 200-299 | 300-399
400-499 | 500-599 | 600-699 | 700-799
800-899 | 900-999 | 1000-1099 | 1100-1199
1200-1299 | 1300-1399 | 1400-1499 | 1500-1599
1600-1699 | 1700-1799 | 1800-1899 | 1900-1919
1920-1939 | 1940-1959 | 1960-1979 | 1980-1999

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1700
  • Charles II of Spain dies
    His will, the contents of which are public knowledge, makes Louis XIV's grandson the King of Spain, on the condition that the country is neither divided nor dissertation help united with France.
  • The Great Northern War begins
    This war, in reality a series of wars fought between on the one hand Saxony-Poland, Denmark-Norway and Russia, and on the other hand Sweden. Poland wanted expansion into the Baltic countries, while Denmark wished to crush Gottorp and repossess Scania. The Czar of Russia, Peter I "the Great", wanted to ensure his access to the Baltic Sea.
1701
  • The War of the Spanish Succession breaks out
    As a reaction to the sudden concentration of power in the hands of the French monarchy, war breaks out between on the one hand France, Spain and some German allies; on the other, Austria, England, the Netherlands and the greater part of Germany, with Brandenburg-Prussia in the lead.
1704
  • England takes Gibraltar
  • Russia takes Narva
1706
  • The Peace of Altranstädt
    Defeated by the Swedes, Augustus II of Poland renounces his throne in favour of King Stanislas I.
1707
  • Act of Union between England and Scotland
    The Scottish Parliament votes itself out of existence by accepting the Act of Union.
1709
  • The Battle of Poltava
    Charles XII of Sweden is defeated by the Russians.
1713
  • The Peace of Utrecht ends the War of the Spanish Succession
    Louis XIV's grandson remains Spanish heir; the ban on a unification of Spain and France is underlined; Spain loses her possessions in Italy and the Netherlands, which are then partitioned between Austria and Savoy; England claims Gibraltar and Menorca; additionally, France cedes portions of North America to England.
1715
  • Louis XIV dies
1720
  • Denmark-Norway makes peace with Sweden
    Sweden agrees to give up its immunity from customs duties in the Sound, and agrees to pay reparations.
1721
  • The Great Northern War ends
    Denmark appropriates the Gottorp portions of Schleswig. Russia makes peace with Sweden, receiving Livonia, Estonia, Ingermanland and Viborg Fief.
1725
  • Czar Peter I "the Great" of Russia dies
1733
  • War of the Polish Succession begins
    The election of a new king of Poland leads to war, between candidates supported by France and by Russia and Austria.
1735
  • War of the Polish Succession ends
    The Austrian/Russian candidate is chosen as King. The French-supported candidate receives the Duchy of Lorraine as compensation, and Austria cedes Naples and Sicily to a Spanish prince.
1741
  • Vitus Bering discovers the Aleutian Islands and Alaska
1742
  • First performance of Handels "Messiah", in Dublin
  • Astronomer Anders Celsius invents centigrade thermometer
1743
  • Maria Theresa is crowned in Prague
1744
  • The Russian heir to the throne, Peter, marries
    His new bride is Catherine (later known as "the Great"), born Sophia, Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
  • Alexander Pope dies
1745
  • "The Young Pretender" invades England
    Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender" to the throne of Scotland, lands on Eriskay Island, defeats the English at Prestonpans, advances south towards Derby, but is forced to retreat.
  • Jonathan Swift dies
1746
  • Battles at Falkirk and Culloden
    Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender" to the throne of Scotland, is victorious at Falkirk, but is later defeated at Culloden, on April 16th. He manages, however, to escape to France.
  • Founding of College of New Jersey, later to become Princeton University
1747
  • Prussia and Sweden make alliance for mutual defense
  • Handels oratorio "Judas Maccabeus" is performed for the first time in Covent Garden in London
1748
  • Johann Sebastian Bach composes "The Art of the Fugue"
  • Leonhard Euler writes "Analysis Infinitorum"
1749
  • Danish newspaper "Berlingske Tidende" begins publication
1750
  • Baal Shem founds the Jewish Chassidic sect in the Carpathian mountains
  • Johann Sebastian Bach dies
1752
  • England and its colonies introduce the Gregorian calendar
1757
  • Battle of Plessy
    The nawab of Bengal attempts to evict the British, but is defeated by Robert Clive. Effectively, the beginning of the British Raj in India.
1770
  • British explorer James Cook locates Australia
1772
  • Herder writes "On the Origin of Language"
1774
  • Goethe writes "The Sorrows of Young Werther"
1779
  • British explorer James Cook killed in Hawaii
1784
  • First colony in Alaska, founded by Russian Grigorii Shelekov
1789
  • Mutiny on the Bounty
    The crew on HMS Bounty mutinies, putting Captain William Bligh and his supporters adrift in the ship's launch.
  • The French Revolution


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Last modified: July 20, 2001